The Lancet commission on “Dementia Prevention, Intervention, and Care” has identified essential measures that will reduce the risk of the disease.
In an article published last July in The Lancet, an expert commission has defined the main risk factors for dementia and has pointed out the most effective methods to prevent and treat this disease.
Dementia affects nearly 50 million people in the world (47 millions were estimated in 2015). As our longevity increases, this number is bound to triplicate by 2050 if we don’t take any preventive measure. Dementia generally occurs in people older than 65 years.
The key point, as stated by the expert panel, is that “dementia is by no means an inevitable consequence of reaching retirement age, or even of entering the ninth decade”.
In other words: dementia can be prevented.
Prevention requires reducing dementia risk factors during the whole course of life.
What is dementia?
There are different types of dementia, with distinct physical causes and biological features. The most common forms of the disease are: Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, mixed dementia (with traits of more than one forms), dementia associated with brain traumas, infections, alcohol abuse.
The most common symptoms of dementia are: cognitive decline (memory loss, difficulties in speech and in critical thinking), frequent mood changes from depression to euphoria, agitation, psychosis (delusions, delirium, sometimes hallucinations), sleep disturbances.
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